This article from the Portland Press Herald caught my attention for a number of reasons. First and foremost, the fact that throughout the piece the reporter constructs scenarios to scare readers into believing all sorts of untrue things about the AHCA.
An in depth review of some of the claims in the first part of the article proves most of what is presented is demonstrably false, or at least arguable. The reporter even ignores liberal sources he cites in some scenarios, then speculates on far-flung scenarios for others.
Here is a look at a few of the Press Herald's false claims for the first half of the story, focusing on a low-income Maine family:
Press Herald: “If the Medicaid cuts were to survive Senate scrutiny, at risk would be health coverage for thousands of children, adults with disabilities and low-income seniors who qualify for both MaineCare and Medicare, among other groups. About 75 percent of MaineCare recipients fall into those three categories, according to Maine Equal Justice Partners, a nonprofit advocacy group. That means states would have to figure out how to make up the funding deficits, or slash services.”
Truth: Coverage for children under 19 is explicitly exempted from the waiver, suggestion that people with disabilities or low-income seniors would be harmed is baseless. If Medicaid were cut 6% as is suggested later in the article, it is almost certain the cut would be to able-bodied childless adults.
Press Herald: "If the Harmons didn’t qualify for Medicaid, health insurance would cost them much more, with premiums in the thousands of dollars annually, because they would have to purchase individual insurance for each member of the family. The Harmons are self-employed – Britt is a plumber and Liz a lobsterwoman and hairdresser, so they don’t have access to employer-based insurance."
Truth: Part of the Medicaid reforms in the AHCA allow states to create a work requirement for families to retain Medicaid coverage so long as work requirements are met for able-bodied adults. Children under 19 are exempted from this requirement, but additionally, both parents work – meeting the work requirement. While the reporter uses this paragraph for one purpose, to suggest this family can't afford insurance, what it does is demonstrate that they meet Medicaid work requirements if Maine chose to implement them, thus contradicting the concern he presents. See page 7 here.
Press Herald: "What buying on the individual market under the new law would mean precisely in dollars for the Harmons is not yet clear, but some provisions of the AHCA could devastate families dealing with severe illnesses, such as insurance companies being allowed to place a lifetime limit on how much money insurers will pay out for medical conditions – a provision that the ACA, commonly known as Obamacare, prohibited."
Truth: Page 3 here from Kaiser admits that “Prohibition on lifetime and annual dollar limits is not changed”, Kaiser then goes on to claim that because the prohibition applies to essential health benefits, a state might try and change them through a waiver. The reporters injection of such a sensationalistic commentary here is barely acceptable from a left-wing blog, not a serious media outlet. In fact, both the AHCA and AHC prohibit lifetime limits.
Press Herald: "Britt Harmon, Orin’s dad, said medical care would ruin them financially if they didn’t have health insurance. The family sold many of their possessions, including cars and snowmobiles, to pay about $30,000 to $40,000 in medical bills while they waited for the paperwork to go through to get Orin qualified for Medicaid, a process that took more than two years. Orin was born in 2013, shortly before subsidized individual insurance was available through the Affordable Care Act. They lost their employer-based insurance a few months after Orin was born, leaving them exposed to costly medical bills."
Truth: This is a heartbreaking story from this family. However, note that they qualified for Medicaid without Maine participating in Medicaid expansion. The bulk majority of cuts under the AHCA relate to bringing other states, not Maine, back in line with federal poverty levels. The line about subsidized insurance through the ACA appears to be the reporters attempt to draw some connection to the ACA for this family. The facts, show, however, that they were covered under Medicaid without the ACA expansion.
Press Herald: "The AHCA also weakens protections for patients like Orin with pre-existing conditions, although Maine has a law that predates the Affordable Care Act and which bans insurance companies from denying coverage to those with pre-existing conditions and from charging them more."
Truth: The claim that the AHCA 'weakens protections for patients with pre-existing conditions' has been pretty thoroughly debunked. Although it was initially thought that media coverage was biased by misleading claims from liberal politicians, this reporter continues making the claim even after a number of liberal media outlets have debunked it. See Kaiser statement that AHCA 'requires guaranteed issue of all non-group health plans during annual open enrollment' and 'Prohibition on pre-existing condition exclusion periods is not changed.' It appears the reporter is again constructing fictional scenarios to imagine a way this family might be penalized, but there is no evidence of that. Various entities, from FactCheck.org to the Washington Post have found variations of this claim to be untrue.
Press Herald: "It’s not yet clear whether Maine would have to pass a new law to repeal its existing law, should it seek a federal waiver under the AHCA to allow insurers to charge higher premiums to people with pre-existing illnesses who have let their health insurance lapse."
Truth: This is one of the more misplaced comments in this article. The reporter suggests that a mandatory part of a state waiver would be higher premiums for people with pre-existing conditions when in fact, a large part of the waiver strategy and language focuses on states keeping premiums for people with pre-existing conditions low through high-risk pools for people with pre-existing conditions. The reporter intends to suggest the AHCA makes mandatory something it actually intends to prevent.
Press Herald: "The cuts to Medicaid nationally, projected at about $880 billion over 10 years, would be a major part of dismantling Obamacare, with those funds going to tax cuts for the wealthy planned by President Trump and congressional Republicans. The ACA imposed a greater burden on higher-income Americans than middle-class wage earners."
Truth: This is the reporter literally reciting a DNC talking point to toe the Democrat Party line.. The AHCA repeals an array of taxes, most notably the individual mandate, which hits mostly people unable to afford health insurance, as well as taxes on medical devices, medicines, health savings accounts, indoor tanning, and taxes on people with high-quality health plans. The reporter also completely fails to acknowledge that the ACA instituted no fewer than a dozen taxes deemed by Politifact to be 'middle-class tax hikes.' The truth here is the ACA raised taxes on everyone and the AHCA reduces taxes on those same people.
Press Herald: "There’s not yet an official estimate of how many millions would be stripped of health coverage if the AHCA were to become law, but a Congressional Budget Office analysis of the March bill estimated 24 million Americans would lose insurance coverage."
Truth: CBO did not say this. It said most of those 24 million people would be individuals who would choose not to purchase insurance because they were no longer forced to purchase under the law. It also added in projections of future recipients out nearly a decade, who might not qualify under new standards – for the reporter to repeat the 24 million would 'lose coverage' claim as if individuals today would lose their plans is not true. Further, the way the reporter uses the term 'stripped of health coverage' earlier in the same sentence is misleading.
Wrapping up the first half of this article, here is what we have learned about the family who is the subject of the article: